▲ ▼ Non cellular network mobile Internet
With Monopoly or Duopoly in the Telecom industry of most countries, the democracy of mobile Internet itself is under threat. There is a needgap to remove cellular network stack for mobile Internet completely.
Fortunately there is no need to reinvent the wheel, we have not been using cellular network for mobile Internet in our homes and offices for several years with WiFi. Long range WiFi hotspots outside our home/office can address this need gap as well.
The reason why long range WiFi hotspots haven't been fielded widely is due to the regulations concerning transmission power for radio, the transmission power required for long rage WiFi transmitter is prohibited in several countries. There are no such limitations on long range WiFi receivers.
A long range WiFi receiver accessory for smartphones/laptops with WiFi hotspots placed at algorithmically calculated optimal locations can address this problem.